Inside Out

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Inside Out is a 2015 American 3D computer-animated comedy-drama adventure film produced by Pixar Animation Studios and released by Walt Disney Pictures. The film was directed and co-written by Pete Docter, co-directed and co-written by Ronnie del Carmen and produced by Jonas Rivera, with music composed byMichael Giacchino. The film is set in the mind of a young girl named Riley Andersen (Kaitlyn Dias), where five personified emotions — Joy (Amy Poehler), Sadness (Phyllis Smith), Fear (Bill Hader), Anger (Lewis Black), and Disgust (Mindy Kaling) — try to lead her through life as her parents (Diane Lane and Kyle MacLachlan) move the family from Minnesota to San Francisco and she has to adjust to her new life. Source: Wikipedia.

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The Emotions are the main characters of the 2015Disney/Pixar film Inside Out. The Emotions (Joy, Sadness, Anger, Fear, and Disgust) are in charge of running the mind of the person or animal they inhabit. Each Emotion is created at a different moment, usually early in someone’s life. They seem to appear from nowhere. Each person has a central Emotion that acts as the unofficial leader of the group. The central Emotion is usually positioned in the center of the group, and controls most of the person’s actions. The Emotions reside in the mind of each person and they live and work in Emotions’ Headquarters.

Anger

That’s Anger. He cares very deeply about things being fair. — Joy, opening narration

angerAnger is an avid reader of The Mind Reader, a newspaper which he seems to have the ability to generate instantly as relevant events happen in Riley’s life. He also has a tendency to advocate for the use of the only curse word Riley knows, and is the Emotion that reacts the most to the TripleDent Gum commercial. During Riley’s childhood, Anger stayed fairly in check as Joy was Riley’s dominant emotion. When Riley turns 11 and her family moves to San Francisco, however, the Emotions are confused by the new situation. All of a sudden, Anger, along with Fear and Disgust, is much more present and generates much more memories.

Lewis Black describes Anger as follows: “He’s angry. He knows the group is well-meaning and they try hard, but they don’t get how things should work as well as he does. So he has to stay on top of everything, and the only way he knows how to get their attention, keep it, and make sure they get things done right is by getting angry. He is comfortable with his anger. It makes him happy. But when pushed too far, the top of his head bursts into flames.”

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Anger’s Official Bio: “Anger feels very passionately about making sure things are fair for Riley. He has a fiery spirit and tends to explode (literally) when things don’t go as planned. He is quick to overreact and has little patience for life’s imperfections.”

Disgust

This is Disgust. She basically keeps Riley from being poisoned — physically and socially. — Joy, opening narration

disgustLike the other Emotions, Disgust remained fairly infrequent during Riley’s childhood as Joy prevailed. Despite having strong opinions of her own, she trusts Joy to know what to do for Riley, just like the other Emotions. But when Riley’s family moves to San Francisco, they enter an unfamiliar world and Disgust, along with Fear and Anger, is suddenly much more present in Riley’s life. She criticizes the bad shape of their new house, the smell, the dirt, the presence of a dead mouse, and the misery of their situation.

Like the other Emotions, Disgust remained fairly infrequent during Riley’s childhood as Joy prevailed. Despite having strong opinions of her own, she trusts Joy to know what to do for Riley, just like the other Emotions.

Mindy Kaling describes her as follows: “Disgust is very protective of Riley. She has high expectations for everyone around her and isn’t very patient. Disgust is also very put-together because appearances matter to her.”

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Disgust Official Bio: “Disgust is highly opinionated, extremely honest and prevents Riley from getting poisoned — both physically and socially. She keeps a careful eye on the people, places and things that Riley comes into contact with — whether that’s broccoli or last year’s fashion trend. Disgust always has the best of intentions and refuses to lower her standards.”

Fear

That’s Fear. He’s really good at keeping Riley safe. — Joy, opening narration

fearFear is always the most prepared, ready to make lists of everything that could possibly go wrong. He often represents the voice of caution, though he is prone to overreact. Like the other Emotions, Fear took the backseat during Riley’s childhood as Joy prevailed in her life. He was the closest to being Joy’s second-in-command.

After Riley’s move to San Francisco, all the Emotions are confused and Fear is suddenly more present in Riley’s life. After Joy, Sadness and all the core memories are sucked out of Headquarters, he remains one of the only Emotions at the commands along with Anger and Disgust. His goal becomes to avoid things from going haywire or changing in any way.

Fear Official Bio: “Fear’s main job is to protect Riley and keep her safe. He is constantly on the lookout for potential disasters, and spends time evaluating the possible dangers, pitfalls and risk involved in Riley’s everyday activities. There are very few activities and events that Fear does not find to be dangerous and possibly fatal.”

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Joy

Joy would know what to do. — Disgust

joyWhen Riley is born, Joy is the first Emotion to materialize inside her mind. Joy finds contentment in this moment, whereas she was alone with Riley. However, starting just 33 seconds after her is Sadness, and from then on, other Emotions materialize. Nevertheless, Joy remains Riley’s main Emotion, making almost all of Riley’s memories joyful, including the five core memories that power the Islands of Personality. It is a time composed of “perfect days” for Joy. Joy eventually recognizes a function to each of the other Emotions, with the exception of Sadness, of whom she finds does not do any good for Riley. Because of this, she often distracts Sadness to get her away from the controls.

Amy Poehler describes her as follows: “Joy is the engine. She keeps everyone moving and happy. She represents the parts of Riley that are starting to change and become more complicated, and she is reluctant to let that change happen. She may be the most positive, but in many ways, she is the least flexible.”

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Joy Official Bio: “Joy’s goal has always been to make sure Riley stays happy. She is lighthearted, optimistic and determined to find the fun in every situation. Joy sees challenges in Riley’s life as opportunities, and the less happy moments as hiccups on the way back to something great. As long as Riley is happy, so is Joy.”

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Sadness

Crying helps me slow down and obsess over the weight of life’s problems. — Sadness

sadnessSadness was the second Emotion to take hold in Riley’s mind, appearing 33 seconds after Joy. Afterwards, she tended to be more on the wayside than the other Emotions, both because Joy does not see any use to her and because she is not very confident herself. She often ends up reading mind manuals, a practice in which she is encouraged by Joy. On the upside, her readings confer her a superior knowledge of the mind world outside Headquarters.

According to an interview with Phyllis Smith, Sadness is the voice of reason: when Joy has an idea, she’ll try and drag her down. She appears to be depressive most of the time, but there are a few instances where she is seen smiling.

Sadness Official Bio: “None of the other Emotions really understand what Sadness’s role is. Sadness would love to be more optimistic and helpful in keeping Riley happy, but she finds it so hard to be positive. Sometimes it seems like the best thing to do is just lie on the floor and have a good cry.”

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Source for Inside Out Characters: http://pixar.wikia.com. Read more about Inside Out on IMDb.

Pixar movies Part 2

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To see the Part 1 of this post, please click here. Read more about Pixar Animation Studios clicking here.

The Pixar Universe and the Pixar Theory

The Pixar universe is a theoretical “shared universe” in which every character that is created by Pixar exists, sharing characteristics and an internal logic. Media discussion about a “Pixar Universe” has existed since at least 2003, and has been referred to in disparate sources such as Slash FilmWashington TimesReno Gazette-Journal, and MTV News.

Pixar employee Jay Ward denied that the films take place in the same universe, saying: “It’s almost like the 9/11 conspiracy theories… it’s like, really? No, the movies were sort of made in a different order by different directors in different times, in different places. It’s cool that it all worked out that way, but it probably was not intentional.”

In his 2013 thesis entitled “The Pixar Theory”, journalist Jon Negroni wrote that that every character created by Pixar lives within a single fictional universe. He acknowledges that the concepts behind his thesis were derived from an episode of the Cracked.com video series After Hours, written by Daniel O’Brien. In his post, Negroni discusses various films and how they relate in a timeline of events. Films he examines include A Bug’s LifeToy Story 2Monsters, Inc.Finding NemoThe IncrediblesCarsRatatouilleWALL-EUpToy Story 3Cars 2Brave, and Monsters University. After his thesis was posted on the internet on July 11, 2013, it became a viral hit.  Source: Wikipedia.

Read more about The Pixar Theory by Jon Negroni and see The Pixar Theory Timeline:

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50 Best Pixar Easter Eggs

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This post confirms and destroys some of the ideas of Jon Negroni in his The Pixar Theory, but in all forms, is a treat for any fan of Pixar. Read the full text here.

The ful list of my 10 favorites Pixar movies includes (in the Part 1):

1. TOY STORY, 1995
2. TOY STORY 2, 1999
3. TOY STORY 3, 2010
4. FINDING NEMO, 2003
5. RATATOUILLE, 2007

And more:

6. BUG’S LIFE, 1998.

A Bug’s Life is a retelling of Aesop’s fable The Ant and the Grasshopper. Production began shortly after the release of Toy Story in 1995. The movie was released to theaters on November 25, 1998 and directed by John Lasseter and co-directed by Andrew Stanton. The plot involves a misfit ant, Flik, who is looking for “tough warriors” to save his colony from greedy grasshoppers. Flik recruits a group of bugs that turn out to be an inept circus troupe. Randy Newman composed the music for the film, which stars the voices of Dave Foley, Kevin Spacey, Julia Louis-Dreyfus, Hayden Panettiere, David Hyde Pierce, Joe Ranft, Denis Leary, Jonathan Harris, Madeline Kahn, Bonnie Hunt, Brad Garrett, and Mike McShane. IMDb: http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0120623/.

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7. THE INCREDIBLES, 2004.

The Incredibles was written and directed by Brad Bird and released by Walt Disney Pictures, starring the voices of Craig T. Nelson, Holly Hunter, Sarah Vowell, Spencer Fox, Jason Lee and Samuel L. Jackson. It was the sixth film produced by Pixar Animation Studios. The film’s title is the name of a family of superheroes who are forced to hide their powers and live a quiet suburban life. Mr. Incredible’s desire to help people draws the entire family into a battle with an evil villain and his killer robot. IMDb: http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0317705/.

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8. MONSTERS, INC., 2001.

Monsters, Inc. was directed by Pete Docter, produced by Pixar Animation Studios and released by Walt Disney Pictures. It was co-directed by Lee Unkrich and David Silverman and stars the voices of John Goodman, Billy Crystal, Steve Buscemi, James Coburn and Jennifer Tilly. The film centers around two monsters employed at the titular Monsters, Inc.: top scarer James P. “Sulley” Sullivan (John Goodman), and his one-eyed partner and best friend, Mike Wazowski (Billy Crystal). Monsters, Inc. employees generate their city’s power by targeting and scaring children, but they are themselves afraid that the children may contaminate them; when one child enters Monstropolis, Mike and Sulley must return her. IMDb: http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0198781/.

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9. UP, 2009.

Up, directed by Pete Docter, was released on May 29, 2009 and opened the 2009 Cannes Film Festival, becoming the first animated and 3D film to do so. The film centers on an elderly widower named Carl Fredricksen (voiced by Edward Asner) and an earnest young Wilderness Explorer named Russell (Jordan Nagai). By tying thousands of balloons to his home, 78-year-old Carl sets out to fulfill his lifelong dream to see the wilds of South America and to complete a promise made to his lifelong love. The film was co-directed by Bob Peterson, with music composed by Michael Giacchino. IMDb: http://www.imdb.com/title/tt1049413/.

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10. WALLY-E, 2008.

This is my favorite Pixar’s movie ever. WALL-E was directed by Andrew Stanton. The story follows a robot named WALL-E, who is designed to clean up a waste-covered Earth far in the future. He falls in love with another robot named EVE, who also has a programmed task, and follows her into outer space on an adventure that changes the destiny of both his kind and humanity. Both robots exhibit an appearance of free will and emotions similar to humans, which develop further as the film progresses. Most of the characters do not have actual human voices, but instead communicate with body language and robotic sounds, designed by Ben Burtt (from Star Wars film series), that resemble voices. It is also Pixar’s first animated feature with segments featuring live-action characters. IMDb: http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0910970/.

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Pixar movies Part 1

Here are the answers for the quiz post Movies and More Movies:

1. Chris Evans, Fantastic Four, 2005.
2. Christopher Lloyd, Back to the Future, 1985.
3. Matthew Broderick, Ferris Bueller’s Day Off, 1986.
4. Justin Timberlake, In Time, 2011.
5. Taylor Kitsch, John Carter, 2012.
6. Robert De Niro, Taxi Driver, 1976.
7. Samuel L. Jackson, Pulp Fiction, 1994.
8. Charlie Sheen, Ferris Bueller’s Day Off, 1986.
9. Edward Norton, Fight Club, 1999.
10. James Franco, Oz the Great and Powerful, 2013
11. Alicia Silverstone, Clueless, 1995
12. Milla Jovovich, The Fifth Element, 1997
13. Julia Roberts, Pretty Woman, 1990.
14. Irene Jacob, The Double Life of Veronique, 1991.
15. Uma Thurman, Kill Bill Vol. 2, 2004.
16. Meryl Streep, The Devil Wears Prada, 2006
17. Sharon Tate, The Fearless Vampire Killers, 1967.
18. Megan Fox, Jennifer’s Body, 2009.
19. Keira Knightley, Pirates of the Caribbean: The Curse of the Black Pearl, 2003.
20. Kate Winslet, Eternal Sunshine of the Spotless Mind, 2004.

And this post is not a new quiz, but my ten reasons why I love Pixar Studios. Do you?

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PIXAR ANIMATION STUDIOS

Pixar Animation Studios, or simply Pixar, is an American computer animation film studio based in Emeryville, California. Pixar began in 1979 as the Graphics Group, part of the computer division of Lucasfilm before its spin-out as a corporation in 1986 with funding by Apple Inc. co-founder Steve Jobs, who became its majority shareholder. The Walt Disney Company bought Pixar in 2006 at a valuation of $7.4 billion, a transaction which made Jobs Disney’s largest shareholder.

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Pixar has produced fourteen feature films, beginning with Toy Story in 1995. All of the films have received both critical and financial success, with the notable exception being Cars 2, which, while commercially successful, received substantially less praise than Pixar’s other productions. As of December 2013, its feature films have made over $8.5 billion worldwide, with an average worldwide gross of $607 million per film. Both Finding Nemo and Toy Story 3 are among the 50 highest-grossing films of all time, and all of Pixar’s films are among the 50 highest-grossing animated films, with Toy Story 3 being the 2nd all-time highest, just behind Disney’s Frozen, grossing over $1 billion worldwide. Source: Wikipedia.

I did not watch Brave yet, so these are my 10 favorite Pixar movies until now:

1. TOY STORY, 1995.

Every story has a beginning. Toy Story, directed by John Lasseter, was the first feature-length computer-animated film and the first film produced by Pixar. Toy Story follows a group of anthropomorphic toys who pretend to be lifeless whenever humans are present, and focuses on the relationship between Woody, a pullstring cowboy doll (Tom Hanks), and Buzz Lightyear, an astronaut action figure (Tim Allen). The film was written by John Lasseter, Andrew Stanton, Joel Cohen, Alec Sokolow, and Joss Whedon, and featured music by Randy Newman. Its executive producers were Steve Jobs and Edwin Catmull. IMDb: http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0114709/.

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2. TOY STORY 2, 1999.

Directed by John Lasseter and co-directed by Lee Unkrich and Ash Brannon, it is the sequel to the 1995 film Toy Story. Woody is stolen by a toy collector, prompting Buzz Lightyear and his friends to vow to rescue him. However, Woody finds the idea of immortality in a museum tempting. Many of the original characters and voices from Toy Story returned for this sequel, and several new characters, including Jessie (voiced by Joan Cusack), Barbie (voiced by Jodi Benson), and Mrs. Potato Head (voiced by Estelle Harris), were introduced. IMDb: http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0120363/.

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3. TOY STORY 3, 2010.

Directed by Lee Unkrich, the screenplay was written by Michael Arndt, while Unkrich wrote the story along with John Lasseter and Andrew Stanton, respectively director and co-writer of the first two films. The plot focuses on the toys Woody, Buzz Lightyear, and their friends dealing with an uncertain future as their owner, Andy, prepares to leave for college. Actors Tom Hanks, Tim Allen, Joan Cusack and John Morris, along with few others reprised their voice-over roles from the previous films. IMDb: http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0435761/.

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4. FINDING NEMO, 2003.

Finding Nemo was written and directed by Andrew Stanton, released by Walt Disney Pictures, and the fifth film produced by Pixar Animation Studios. It tells the story of the over-protective clownfish named Marlin (Albert Brooks) who, along with a regal tang named Dory (Ellen DeGeneres), searches for his abducted son Nemo (Alexander Gould) all the way to Sydney Harbour. Along the way, Marlin learns to take risks and let Nemo take care of himself. IMDb: http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0266543/.

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5. RATATOUILLE, 2007.

Ratatouille is the eighth film produced by Pixar, and was co-written and directed by Brad Bird, who took over from Jan Pinkava in 2005. The title refers to a French dish, “ratatouille”, which is served at the end of the film, and is also a play on words about the species of the main character. The film stars the voices of Patton Oswalt as Remy, an anthropomorphic rat who is interested in cooking; Lou Romano as Linguini, a young garbage boy who befriends Remy; Ian Holm as Skinner, the head chef of Auguste Gusteau’s restaurant; Janeane Garofalo as Colette, a rôtisseur at Gusteau’s restaurant; Peter O’Toole as Anton Ego, a restaurant critic; Brian Dennehy as Django, Remy’s father and leader of his clan; Peter Sohn as Emile, Remy’s older brother; and Brad Garrett as Auguste Gusteau, a recently deceased chef. The plot follows Remy, who dreams of becoming a chef and tries to achieve his goal by forming an alliance with a Parisian restaurant’s garbage boy. IMDb: http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0382932/.

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Click here to read the Part 2 (soon).

Carl & Ellie from Up Part 2

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 Please click here to see Carl & Ellie Part 1.

Some facts about Up:

1. All characters in “Up” are based upon circles and rectangles, except for the villains who are triangles. Not only are Carl and Ellie based on squares and circles, but objects around them are based on their shapes, like their chairs and picture frames. When they both appear in a photograph, the frame is both circle and square.

2. The villain Charles Muntz is named after Charles Mintz, the Universal Pictures executive who in 1928 stole Walt Disney’s production rights to his highly-successful “Oswald the Lucky Rabbit” cartoon series. This led Walt Disney to create Mickey Mouse, who soon eclipsed Oswald in popularity. Muntz is the fifth animated Disney villain to fall to his death – following the Wicked Queen (Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs, 1937), Ratigan (The Great Mouse Detective, 1986), McLeach (The Rescuers Down Under, 1990), Gaston (Beauty and the Beast, 1991), and Frollo (The Hunchback of Notre Dame, 1996). He is the first Pixar villain to do so.

3. In June 2009, 10-year-old Colby Curtin from Huntington Beach, California, was suffering from the final stages of terminal vascular cancer. Her dying wish was to live long enough to see “Up” (2009). Unfortunately, Colby was too sick to leave home and her family feared she would die without seeing the film. A family friend contacted Pixar, and a private screening was arranged for Colby. The company flew an employee with a DVD copy of “Up”, along with some tie-in merchandise from the film. Colby couldn’t see the screen because the pain kept her eyes closed, so her mother gave her a play-by-play of the film. Seven hours after viewing the film, Colby passed away.

4. If Carl’s house was approximately 1600 square feet, and the average house weighs between 60-100 pounds per square foot, it weighs 120,000 pounds. If the average helium balloon can carry .009 pounds (or 4.63 grams), it would take 12,658,392 balloons to lift his house off the ground. (20,622 balloons appear on the house when it first lifts off.)

5. Carl Fredricksen’s face and gruff personality are based on actors Spencer Tracy and Walter Matthau.

6. Dug’s ‘point’ pose, where his entire tail, back, and head is in a perfectly straight line, is an homage to the identical pose that Mickey’s dog Pluto often makes. Dug also shares a similar color scheme to Pluto.

7. “Up” was the first film produced by Pixar to be shown in 3D. “Up”‘s musical score has become the 9th musical score (and the 3rd from an animated film) to win the Grammy, Golden Globe, and Academy Award for “Best Original Score”. The other previous winners are “Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid” (1969), “Jaws” (1975), “Star Wars” (1977), “E.T. the Extra-Terrestrial” (1982), “Beauty and the Beast” (1991), “Aladdin” (1992), “The English Patient” (1996), and “The Lord of the Rings: The Retorn of the King” (2003). “Up” was the first film to be nominated for Academy Awards for both Best Picture and Best Animated Feature.

8. Film debut of Jordan Nagai, who voices Russell. Originally, his older brother Hunter was auditioning for the part, and Nagai simply came along with him. About 400 children had showed up for the auditions, but Nagai stood out because he would not stop talking. Director Pete Docter later said that “as soon as Jordan’s voice came on we started smiling because he is appealing and innocent and cute and different from what I was initially thinking.”

9. When the dogs start attacking Russell with airplanes at the end, this aerial fight literally becomes a ‘dogfight’. Also, the dogs refer to each other with “Grey leader”, “Grey One”, “Grey Two”, etc. This is a nod to “Star Wars” (1977), where pilots referred to each other with Red Leader, Red One, etc., and it also jokingly refers to the myth that dogs cannot see colors, only black, white and shades of gray.

10. All of the dogs except for Dug are named after letters of the Greek alphabet (Alpha, Beta, Gamma, etc) although this could relate to rankings in a dog pack, where the lead male is known as the Alpha, then Beta and so on. This is supported by the fact that when Dug puts Alpha in the Cone of Shame, all the other dogs begin referring to Dug as Alpha. The voices of both Dug and Alpha are performed by the same actor, Bob Peterson. The three main dog characters, Alpha, Beta, and Gamma, as well as being named for the Ancient Greek alphabet, also reference three classes of workers in Aldous Huxley’s novel “Brave New World”. It is also worth noting that Muntz’s “chef” is a dog named Epsilon, another class of worker from “Brave New World”.

Source: IMDb.

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Carl & Ellie from Up Part 1

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“Up” is a 2009 American 3D computer-animated comedy-adventure film produced by Pixar Animation Studios and released by Walt Disney Pictures. Directed by Pete Docter, the film centers on an elderly widower named Carl Fredricksen (voiced by Edward Asner) and an earnest young Wilderness Explorer named Russell (Jordan Nagai). By tying thousands of balloons to his home, 78-year-old Carl sets out to fulfill his lifelong dream to see the wilds of South America and to complete a promise made to his lifelong love. The film was co-directed by Bob Peterson, with music composed by Michael Giacchino. Docter began working on the story in 2004, which was based on fantasies of escaping from life when it becomes too irritating. He and eleven other Pixar artists spent three days in Venezuela gathering research and inspiration.

The designs of the characters were caricatured and stylized considerably, and animators were challenged with creating realistic cloth. The floating house is attached by a varying number between 10,000 and 20,000 balloons in the film’s sequences. “Up” was Pixar’s first film to be presented in Disney Digital 3-D. “Up” was released on May 29, 2009 and opened the 2009 Cannes Film Festival, becoming the first animated and 3D film to do so. The film became a great financial success, accumulating over $731 million in its theatrical release. The film received five Academy Award nominations, including Best Picture, making it the second animated film in history to receive such a nomination (and Pixar’s first Best Picture nomination), following “Beauty and the Beast” (1991).

Carl Fredricksen is a shy, quiet boy who idolizes explorer Charles F. Muntz. Muntz has been accused of fabricating the skeleton of a giant bird he claimed to have discovered in Paradise Falls, and vows to return there to capture one alive. One day, Carl befriends Ellie, who is also a Muntz fan. She confides to Carl her desire to move her “clubhouse” — an abandoned house in the neighborhood — to a cliff overlooking Paradise Falls. Carl and Ellie eventually get married and grow old together in the restored house, and they planned to have children, but Ellie was diagnosed as infertile, so Carl wanted to fullfill their promise of travel to South America. They repeatedly pool their savings for a trip to Paradise Falls, but end up spending it on more pressing needs. An elderly Carl finally arranges for the trip, but Ellie suddenly becomes ill and dies.

This is just the begining of the “Up’s” plot, but these minutes pay all the rest of the movie. I think that “Carl & Ellie” is the most heartbreaking sequence of a Pixar’s movie ever. If you never seen “Up” don’t wait more time and go watch it. And if you already watched, remember the Carl & Ellie’s love story with the YouTube video below. And you can drop a tear if you wish. Or maybe two.

Text: Wikipedia. IMDb: http://www.imdb.com/title/tt1049413/.

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Click here to see Carl & Ellie Part 2.

Monsters University

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Monsters University is a 2013 American 3D computer-animated comedy film produced by Pixar Animation Studiosand released by Walt Disney Pictures. It was directed by Dan Scanlon and produced by Kori Rae. It is the fourteenth feature film produced by Pixar and is a prequel to 2001’s Monsters, Inc., marking the first time Pixar has made a prequel film.

Disney, as the rights holder, had plans for a second Monsters, Inc. film since 2005. Following disagreements with Pixar, Disney tasked its Circle 7 Animation unit to make the sequel. An early draft of the film was developed, however, Disney’s purchase of Pixar in early 2006 led to the cancellation of the Circle 7’s version of the film. A Pixar-made sequel was confirmed in 2010, and in 2011, it was confirmed that the film would instead be a prequel titled Monsters University.

Monsters University tells the story of two monsters, Mike and Sulley, and their time studying at college, where they start off as rivals, but slowly become best friends. Billy Crystal, John Goodman, Steve Buscemi, Bob Peterson, andJohn Ratzenberger reprise their roles as Mike Wazowski, James P. Sullivan, Randall Boggs, Roz, and the Abominable Snowman, respectively. Bonnie Hunt, who played Ms. Flint in the first film, voices Mike’s grade school teacher, Ms. Karen Graves.  Source: Wikipedia.

IMDb: http://www.imdb.com/title/tt1453405/.

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