To see the Part 1 of this post, please click here. Read more about Pixar Animation Studios clicking here.
The Pixar Universe and the Pixar Theory
The Pixar universe is a theoretical “shared universe” in which every character that is created by Pixar exists, sharing characteristics and an internal logic. Media discussion about a “Pixar Universe” has existed since at least 2003, and has been referred to in disparate sources such as Slash Film, Washington Times, Reno Gazette-Journal, and MTV News.
Pixar employee Jay Ward denied that the films take place in the same universe, saying: “It’s almost like the 9/11 conspiracy theories… it’s like, really? No, the movies were sort of made in a different order by different directors in different times, in different places. It’s cool that it all worked out that way, but it probably was not intentional.”
In his 2013 thesis entitled “The Pixar Theory”, journalist Jon Negroni wrote that that every character created by Pixar lives within a single fictional universe. He acknowledges that the concepts behind his thesis were derived from an episode of the Cracked.com video series After Hours, written by Daniel O’Brien. In his post, Negroni discusses various films and how they relate in a timeline of events. Films he examines include A Bug’s Life, Toy Story 2, Monsters, Inc., Finding Nemo, The Incredibles, Cars, Ratatouille, WALL-E, Up, Toy Story 3, Cars 2, Brave, and Monsters University. After his thesis was posted on the internet on July 11, 2013, it became a viral hit. Source: Wikipedia.
Read more about The Pixar Theory by Jon Negroni and see The Pixar Theory Timeline:
This post confirms and destroys some of the ideas of Jon Negroni in his The Pixar Theory, but in all forms, is a treat for any fan of Pixar. Read the full text here.
The ful list of my 10 favorites Pixar movies includes (in the Part 1):
1. TOY STORY, 1995
2. TOY STORY 2, 1999
3. TOY STORY 3, 2010
4. FINDING NEMO, 2003
5. RATATOUILLE, 2007
6. BUG’S LIFE, 1998.
A Bug’s Life is a retelling of Aesop’s fable The Ant and the Grasshopper. Production began shortly after the release of Toy Story in 1995. The movie was released to theaters on November 25, 1998 and directed by John Lasseter and co-directed by Andrew Stanton. The plot involves a misfit ant, Flik, who is looking for “tough warriors” to save his colony from greedy grasshoppers. Flik recruits a group of bugs that turn out to be an inept circus troupe. Randy Newman composed the music for the film, which stars the voices of Dave Foley, Kevin Spacey, Julia Louis-Dreyfus, Hayden Panettiere, David Hyde Pierce, Joe Ranft, Denis Leary, Jonathan Harris, Madeline Kahn, Bonnie Hunt, Brad Garrett, and Mike McShane. IMDb: http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0120623/.
7. THE INCREDIBLES, 2004.
The Incredibles was written and directed by Brad Bird and released by Walt Disney Pictures, starring the voices of Craig T. Nelson, Holly Hunter, Sarah Vowell, Spencer Fox, Jason Lee and Samuel L. Jackson. It was the sixth film produced by Pixar Animation Studios. The film’s title is the name of a family of superheroes who are forced to hide their powers and live a quiet suburban life. Mr. Incredible’s desire to help people draws the entire family into a battle with an evil villain and his killer robot. IMDb: http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0317705/.
8. MONSTERS, INC., 2001.
Monsters, Inc. was directed by Pete Docter, produced by Pixar Animation Studios and released by Walt Disney Pictures. It was co-directed by Lee Unkrich and David Silverman and stars the voices of John Goodman, Billy Crystal, Steve Buscemi, James Coburn and Jennifer Tilly. The film centers around two monsters employed at the titular Monsters, Inc.: top scarer James P. “Sulley” Sullivan (John Goodman), and his one-eyed partner and best friend, Mike Wazowski (Billy Crystal). Monsters, Inc. employees generate their city’s power by targeting and scaring children, but they are themselves afraid that the children may contaminate them; when one child enters Monstropolis, Mike and Sulley must return her. IMDb: http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0198781/.
9. UP, 2009.
Up, directed by Pete Docter, was released on May 29, 2009 and opened the 2009 Cannes Film Festival, becoming the first animated and 3D film to do so. The film centers on an elderly widower named Carl Fredricksen (voiced by Edward Asner) and an earnest young Wilderness Explorer named Russell (Jordan Nagai). By tying thousands of balloons to his home, 78-year-old Carl sets out to fulfill his lifelong dream to see the wilds of South America and to complete a promise made to his lifelong love. The film was co-directed by Bob Peterson, with music composed by Michael Giacchino. IMDb: http://www.imdb.com/title/tt1049413/.
10. WALLY-E, 2008.
This is my favorite Pixar’s movie ever. WALL-E was directed by Andrew Stanton. The story follows a robot named WALL-E, who is designed to clean up a waste-covered Earth far in the future. He falls in love with another robot named EVE, who also has a programmed task, and follows her into outer space on an adventure that changes the destiny of both his kind and humanity. Both robots exhibit an appearance of free will and emotions similar to humans, which develop further as the film progresses. Most of the characters do not have actual human voices, but instead communicate with body language and robotic sounds, designed by Ben Burtt (from Star Wars film series), that resemble voices. It is also Pixar’s first animated feature with segments featuring live-action characters. IMDb: http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0910970/.